||The breed is named for São Miguel Island in the Azores, settled by the Portuguese, beginning in 1439. Another of the Azores, Terceira Island, is known for bullfights and cattle raising; large dogs used on cattle there were brought to São Miguel Island and contributed to the development of the breed.
According to the original breed standard, the existence of the Cão Fila de São Miguel has been documented since the early 19th century. A breed standard was developed in the breed's area of origin and first published in 1984. This standard was recognised internationally in 1995, when the standard was published by the FCI. Although described (and formerly used) as a cattle dog, the Cão Fila de São Miguel is actually a Molosser, and is so recognised by the FCI in Group 2, Section 2, Molossoid breeds (number 340.) Today it is primarily used as a companion.
||Weight: Males 55 - 90 pounds (25 - 41 kg) Females
||Height: Males 19.5 - 24 inches (50 - 61 cm) Female
||The coat is a brindle of brown (pale brown is described as fawn) or grey, with black
||It is short, smooth and harsh to the touch, with a short fringe on the tail (if undocked) and on the backs of the rear
||A large dog, but not oversize; up to a maximum of 60 cm (23.6 ins) at the withers and 35 kg (77 lbs) in weight, with females slightly smaller. The general appearance is of a normally proportioned, deep chested, muscular dog with a broad head and medium length neck, straight back, and long legs. The tail is held up and is slightly curved. Ears are drop unless they are cropped.
||A medium-sized working dog. As with all working dogs, it must be given regular training and a job to do. Temperaments of individual dogs may vary greatly. These dogs are family friendly and loving dogs, they like to cuddle and be near their owners. Suitability of an individual dog for a particular kind of work may depend on the quality of early training. This breed creates a deep bond with its owner, being very gentle, loving and receptive. When trained well, these dogs make fantastic family pets as they are highly intelligent and docile.
||Brush coat few times a week.
||Highly recommended puppy classes and socialization at an early age.
||Cão Fila de São Miguel can compete in dog agility trials, obedience, flyball, tracking, and herding events. Herding instincts and trainability can be measured at noncompetitive herding tests. Azores Cattle Dogs exhibiting basic herding instincts can be trained to compete in herding trials.
|Country of Origin:
||Cão Fila de São Miguel from Portugal have no documented health problems, but dogs bred elsewhere are often bred to be very oversize (over 60 cm/23.6 in and 35 kg/77 lb) and may suffer and other ailments particular to deep chested oversize dogs, such as bloat.